western pearly everlasting, more...pearly everlasting, common pearleverlasting, pearly-everlasting, western pearlyeverlasting
[Anaphalis lanata (A. Nelson) Rydb., moreAnaphalis margaritacea var. angustior (Miq.) Nakai, Anaphalis margaritacea var. intercedens Hara, Anaphalis margaritacea var. occidentalis Greene, Anaphalis margaritacea var. revoluta Suksdorf, Anaphalis margaritacea var. subalpina A. Gray, Anaphalis occidentalis (Greene) Heller, Antennaria margaritacea (L.) R. Br. ex DC., Gnaphalium margaritaceum L., Nacrea lanata A. Nelson]
Perennials; rhizomes relatively slender. Stems white, densely and closely tomentose, not glandular. Leaf blades 1-3-nerved, 3-10(-15) cm, bases subclasping, decurrent, margins revolute, abaxial faces tomentose or glabrescent (proximal leaves), not glandular or very sparsely and inconspicuously glandular, adaxial faces green, glabrate. Involucres 5-7 × 6-8(-10) mm. Phyllaries ovate to nearly linear (innermost), subequal to unequal, apices white, opaque. Cypselae 0.5-1 mm, bases constricted into stipiform carpopodia. 2n = 28. Flowering Jul-Oct (sporadically longer). Dry woods, often with aspen or mixed conifer-hardwood, borders and trails, dunes, fields, roadsides, other open, often disturbed sites; 0-3200 m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C. , Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I. Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Mexico (Baja California); Asia; introduced in Europe. Anaphalis margaretacea was widely planted as an ornamental and escaped. It apparently naturalized from its native range in both Asia and North America; it is cultivated and naturalized in Europe.
Anaphalismargaritacea has the aspect of Pseudognaphalium; it differs in being subdioecious (polygamo-dioecious; the heads either staminate or primarily pistillate) and in its distinctive cypselar vestiture. It is further recognized by its combination of rhizomatous habit, subclasping-decurrent, bicolor, revolute leaves, and distally white phyllaries. Segregate species and varieties have been described among the North American plants (in addition to the two cited above), based on variation in habit, vestiture, and leaf morphology and density, but the variants appear to be more like a complex series of ecotypes rather than broader evolutionary entities.
Plant: Perennial, white-woolly, rhizomed; stem 2-12 dm, erect; rhizome slender Leaves: basal, alternate, 3-10 cm, sessile, linear to lanceolate, entire, green or gray above, white-tomentose below INFLORESCENCE: primary inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower; heads discoid or disciform, small, many in terminal panicles, staminate and pistillate heads similar; involucre hemispheric, 5-6 mm; phyllaries many, free, ovate, pearly white, overlapping in several unequal series; receptacles naked Flowers: Disk flowers functionally staminate; corolla narrowly tubular, yellowish, 4-5 mm; anther bases tailed, tips ± ovate; style branches wider at tip, truncate, ovary vestigial, pappus of fine bristles; Pistillate flowers: corolla slender, 4-6 mm, ± yellow, lobes minute Fruit: 0.5-1 mm, papillate; pappus = corolla, pappus of many fine, minutely barbed bristles Misc: Woods, roadsides, disturbed places; < 3200 m.