Plant: shrub or tree; single-trunked, 7-15(-30) m tall; dioecious. STEMS: bark ashy gray outside, dark brown to black inside, 1-20 cm thick, deeply fissured into rectangular plates Leaves: usually decussate, closely appressed, scale-like, gland obvious Cones: POLLEN CONES terminal, 3-4 mm long, oblong. SEED CONES terminal, 8-20 mm long, sub-spheric to broad-ellipsoid, green, maturing bluish to usually red-tan to red-brown in second year, glaucous, dry, hard, fibrous to obscurely woody Fruit: SEEDS (1)4-5(-7) per cone, 6-9 mm long, ovoid or oblong or irregular, often angled, brown REFERENCES: Bartel, Jim A. 1994. Cupressaceae. J. Ariz. – Nev. Acad. Sci. Volume 27, 195-200.