PLANT: Shrubs 1.5-4 m (oursless than 2 m) tall. STEMS: gray-green, glabrous, ascending, sometimes branching from base. LEAVES: evergreen, alternate, with petioles 2-3 mm long; blades obovate to ovate, 7-20 mm long, 8-15 mm wide, toothed or entire, glabrous, flat; apex obtuse to emarginate. FLOWERS: petals absent, with pedicels 2-3 mm long. FRUITS: red at maturity, 3-5 mm long. – NOTES: Dry washes and canyons: Pima co.; 640-1,100 m (2,100-3600 ft); Mar-Apr; CA. REFERENCES: Kyle Christie, Michael Currie, Laura Smith Davis, Mar-Elise Hill, Suzanne Neal, and Tina Ayers, 2006 Vascular Plants of Arizona: Rhamnaceae. CANOTIA 2(1): 23-46.